Published on March 6th, 2017 | by Bonnie Patten0
All Cheer The Unsubscribe Act
No, it’s not a bill that gets you off emails you didn’t want. It’s a bill that would protect consumers from misleading marketing that ensnares them into costly automatic monthly shipments known as a negative-option offer without their knowledge.
TINA.org has heard from many readers who were unknowingly enrolled in automatic billing plans after responding to special discounts or free-trial offers that sapped their bank accounts and who had trouble getting companies to cancel and refund their money. We’ve spent a lot of time investigating, reporting on, and filing complaints about these online billing practices, which are used by a wide variety of companies advertising products ranging from e-cigarettes to lingerie.
Subscription-based billing has been making an internet comeback, with companies such as Peet’s Coffee, Blue Apron, Spotify, and Kate Hudson’s Fabletics earning profits through monthly enrollments. But they’ve also faced legal scrutiny. Fabletics’ parent company, JustFab, for example, paid $1.8 million to resolve deceptive advertising allegations with district attorneys in Santa Cruz and Santa Clara that it did not “clearly and conspicuously” disclose that discounted products, including those on Fabletics.com, required enrollment into a monthly subscription service.
Just last month, the FTC sued Better Health Nutritionals along with eight other defendants marketing brain and joint supplements through a free trial off that failed to adequately disclose that customers would have to enroll in a negative-option offer. The scheme raked in more than $6 million in sales before the FTC shut it down.
The Unsubscribe Act, introduced by U.S. Representatives Mark Takono and Sanford Bishop, and endorsed by TINA.org, Consumer Action and the Consumer Federation of America, would require sellers to provide:
- Upfront disclosures and obtain clear affirmative consent from consumers before any new payment is collected for additional products following a one-time purchase by a consumer or the end of a free-trial period.
- Periodic notification of all charges or changes to their accounts at quarterly intervals and no less than 30 days prior to any cancellation deadline.
- An easy and familiar avenue to terminate membership, such as a cancellation mechanism that mirror a customer’s method of enrolling in the negative option agreement.
The bill builds on the Restore Online Shopper’s Confidence Act (ROSCA), which doesn’t specify mechanisms companies must provide to enable consumers to cancel recurring charges and doesn’t cover certain automatic billing deals.
“Through negative option billing, companies take millions of dollars every year from consumers who are not aware they are being charged or unable to navigate an intentionally complex cancellation process,” said Rep. Takano, of California. “This bill gives power back to consumers by forcing companies to get their explicit permission before charging them, allowing consumers to cancel a service through a straightforward process, and ensuring companies are transparent about their cost and cancellation policies.”
We here at TINA.org will keep our fingers crossed that this bill becomes law. In the meantime, consumers must be ever vigilant when ordering goods and services online to ensure that they are not inadvertently roped into an unwanted negative option offer.
Recurring offers or subscriptions that continue to bill you until you take steps to shut down the account. These types of offers put the onus on the consumer to remember and to take action, allowing a company to keep gathering in cash from forgetful or busy customers. Be wary of these types of offers, and remember to stop services you no longer want.